There’s nothing quite like introducing large indoor plants into your home. Not only do they add life and colour to your living space, but they can also improve air quality and offer a sense of tranquillity. In this article, we’ll explore the benefits of having large indoor plants and some of the best ones to choose for your home.
As you incorporate these natural wonders into your décor, you’ll notice the atmosphere in your home transforming. Large indoor plants can create a relaxing ambience and even become a focal point, drawing the eye and sparking conversation among guests. And beyond aesthetics, having these plants can bring numerous health benefits to your space.
Before you head to the nearest plant nursery or start searching online, take the time to consider your home’s lighting, humidity, and temperature requirements. This will help you find the perfect large indoor plant that complements your space and thrives in its new environment. With a little research and the right care, you’ll soon enjoy the lush greenery and improved well-being that these plants can provide.
Popular Large Indoor Plants
Adding large indoor plants to your home creates an inviting atmosphere and provides a touch of nature. In this section, you’ll discover some popular large houseplants to incorporate into your living space.
Fiddle Leaf Fig
The Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) is known for its large, leathery leaves. This indoor plant thrives in bright, indirect light and requires moderate watering.
Also known as the Swiss Cheese Plant, the Monstera deliciosa is an eye-catching, tropical plant. It prefers bright, indirect light and evenly moist soil.
The Banana Plant (Musa spp.) adds a tropical vibe to any room. Provide ample sunlight and water regularly for best results.
Ficus elastica, or the Rubber Plant, showcases large, glossy leaves that come in several colours. It thrives in bright, indirect light and occasional watering.
Philodendrons are versatile indoor plants with various leaf shapes and sizes. They prefer bright, indirect light and moist, well-draining soil.
The Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) is a popular choice for a large indoor plant. It enjoys bright, indirect light and consistent watering.
With its graceful, arching fronds, the Kentia Palm (Howea forsteriana) brings an elegant touch to your home. It requires moderate light and watering.
The Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans) features an upright growth habit and attractive foliage. Provide medium light and avoid overwatering.
Bird of Paradise
The Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae) boasts striking flowers and foliage, making it a great focal point. Ensure adequate sunlight and regular watering for optimal growth.
Yucca plants have sword-like leaves and add a bold statement to any room. Position them in bright light and water sparingly.
Easy to care for, the Snake Plant (Sansevieria spp.) can tolerate a range of light conditions and requires little watering.
With dramatic, large leaves, the Elephant Ear (Alocasia spp.) makes an impressive indoor plant. Provide bright, indirect light and consistent moisture.
Not only an air purifier, but the Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum spp.) also offers beautiful, white blooms. It prefers low to moderate light and regular watering.
The Croton (Codiaeum variegatum) is treasured for its colourful foliage. Place in bright light and maintain consistent moisture levels.
The Majesty Palm (Ravenea rivularis) adds elegance to your home. Position it in a well-lit spot and keep the soil moist.
A relative of the Rubber Plant, the Rubber Tree (Ficus elastica) sports large, glossy leaves. Provide bright, indirect light and occasional watering.
The trailing Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) is perfect for shelves. It thrives in moderate light and needs regular watering.
The graceful Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea elegans) is an excellent addition to any room. It thrives in low light and requires moderate watering.
The Fishtail Palm (Caryota spp.) gets its name from its fan-shaped leaves. It prefers bright, indirect light and moderate watering.
Dracaena plants offer various leaf shapes and colours, adding visual interest to your space. They enjoy moderate light and occasional watering.
Norfolk Island Pine
Last but not least, the Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is an attractive evergreen option. It appreciates bright light and regular watering.
What is an Easy Maintenance Indoor Plant?
Looking for an indoor plant that’s easy to maintain? You’re in luck! Several options require minimal care, making them perfect for busy homeowners or those new to indoor gardening.
One such option is the snake plant. This sturdy plant, also known as Sansevieria, thrives in various light conditions, from bright indirect sunlight to low light. Plus, its robust nature means you won’t have to worry about watering frequently, as it can withstand drought-like conditions.
Another low-maintenance plant to consider is the ZZ plant or Zamioculcas zamiifolia. Its ability to survive in low light and its thick, waxy leaves that store water make it an ideal candidate for a carefree experience.
For those who enjoy a touch of colour, consider the peace lily. Not only does it boast lovely white flowers, but it’s also a forgiving plant with low light and watering requirements. Just ensure that the soil is consistently moist and watch it flourish.
|Plant Name||Light Requirements||Watering Frequency|
|Snake Plant||Low to bright indirect light||Every 2-3 weeks|
|ZZ Plant||Low to bright indirect light||Every 3-4 weeks|
|Peace Lily||Low to medium indirect light||Keep soil consistently moist|
By incorporating one or more of these easy-care plants into your space, you’ll enjoy the benefits of greenery without the constant upkeep. So, go ahead and choose the one that best suits your preferences and lifestyle, and let your indoor garden thrive.
What is the Most High Maintenance House Plant?
If you’re looking for a challenge in indoor gardening, the most high-maintenance house plant you can tackle is the Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides). While it’s known for its beautiful, fragrant flowers, taking care of a Gardenia can test your skills as a gardener.
Gardenias require specific conditions to thrive, and achieving these conditions can be tricky. Here are the factors that make Gardenias high maintenance:
- Light: Gardenias need bright, indirect light for at least half of the day. Position your plant near a north-east or south-west facing window to provide the right amount of sunlight.
- Temperature: These plants prefer daytime temperatures between 18-24°C and nighttime temperatures between 15-18°C. Significant deviations from these temperature ranges can cause bud drop.
- Humidity: Gardenias thrive in high humidity. Maintaining a humidity level of at least 60% is crucial. You can achieve this by placing a tray of water with pebbles beneath the plant or using a humidifier.
- Soil: Acidic soil with a pH between 5.0-6.0 is essential for Gardenias. You should use a potting mix specifically designed for acid-loving plants or add peat moss and compost to your existing mix.
- Watering: These plants need consistent moisture but don’t like sitting in standing water. Water your Gardenia thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry, and make sure the pot has proper drainage.
In addition to these specific requirements, Gardenias need regular pruning, fertilising, and pest control. Despite their reputation for being fussy, with careful attention and patience, you can experience the rewarding beauty of a blooming Gardenia in your home.
Light and Space Requirements
When choosing large indoor plants, it’s essential to consider the light and space they require. Different plants have distinct preferences for light levels and room space. Here, we’ll explore some common categories of indoor light conditions and match them with suitable tall houseplants.
Low light conditions are common in many homes and offices. Don’t worry, though; there are several tropical plants that thrive in low light. Some popular options include:
- Snake Plant (Sansevieria)
- ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia)
- Cast Iron Plant (Aspidistra elatior)
Medium light areas are usually found near windows with indirect sunlight. Some large indoor plants that perform well in medium light include:
- Kentia Palm (Howea forsteriana)
- Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)
- Dragon Tree (Dracaena marginata)
Bright light spaces are usually near large windows or patio doors. Some tall houseplants that flourish in bright light are:
- Fiddle-Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata)
- Umbrella Tree (Schefflera actinophylla)
- Yucca (Yucca elephantipes)
Indirect sunlight means your plants receive natural light without being fully exposed to the sun’s rays. Some houseplants that prefer indirect sunlight are:
- Golden Pothos (Epipremnum aureum)
- Philodendron (Philodendron spp.)
- bBird’s Nest Fern (Asplenium nidus)
Filtered sunlight typically occurs when sunlight passes through sheer curtains or partially shaded areas. Suitable tall houseplants for filtered sunlight include:
- Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa)
- Calathea (Calathea spp.)
- Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica)
Bright, Indirect Sun
Bright, indirect sun exposure is ideal for many large indoor plants. Try these options for these conditions:
- Majesty Palm (Ravenea rivularis)
- Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema spp.)
- Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)
What Indoor Plants Like Direct Sunlight?
Some large indoor plants love direct sunlight and would be perfect near south-facing windows, where they’ll get plenty of sunshine. A few examples are:
- Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis)
- Ponytail Palm (Beaucarnea recurvata)
- Echeveria (Echeveria spp.)
Remember to account for the space your chosen plants need and give them room to grow. Your indoor garden will flourish by selecting the right plants for your light and space conditions.
As a plant parent, it’s essential to learn how to care for your large indoor plants to keep them happy and healthy. This section covers various aspects of plant care, including watering, fertilising, potting and repotting, pruning, cleaning, pest control, and humidity requirements.
How to Water Large Indoor Plants
Watering is a crucial aspect of plant care. Over-watering or under-watering can lead to yellow, green, or even red leaves. To water your large indoor plants properly, follow these tips:
- Check the soil moisture before watering. If the top 2-3 inches of soil are dry, it’s time to water your plant.
- Water slowly and steadily, ensuring the water reaches the bottom of the pot without causing flooding.
- Allow excess water to drain from the bottom of the pot to prevent root rot.
Large indoor plants need regular feeding to maintain their health and appearance. Here are some fertilising tips:
- Use a balanced, water-soluble fertiliser during the growing season.
- Follow the instructions on the fertiliser label for application rates and frequency.
- Do not over-fertilise, as this can cause leaf burn and other issues.
Potting and Repotting
Choosing the right pots and containers is essential for your plant’s growth and health. Make sure to provide your large indoor plants with the following:
- A pot with drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.
- High-quality, well-draining potting mix appropriate for your specific plant type
- A pot that’s large enough to accommodate the plant’s current and future growth needs.
Repot your plants every two to three years, or when you notice roots coming out of the drainage holes.
Pruning helps maintain your large indoor plants’ desired shape and size while promoting healthy growth. Follow these guidelines when pruning:
- Trim dead or damaged leaves and stems as needed.
- Prune after the growing season to encourage new growth in the spring.
- Use sharp, clean pruning tools to avoid damaging the plant and spreading disease.
Keeping your large indoor plants clean maintains their appearance and helps prevent pest issues. Here’s how to clean your plants:
- Wipe the leaves gently with a damp cloth to remove dust and dirt.
- Avoid using harsh chemicals or leaf-shining products.
- Keep your plant’s environment clean by removing fallen leaves and debris regularly.
Pests can be a challenge for large indoor plants, but with proper care and monitoring, you can keep them at bay. Consider the following pest control tips:
- Inspect plants regularly for signs of pests and take action immediately if you spot any.
- Remove affected leaves or stems.
- Use non-toxic treatments like insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Many large indoor plants thrive in high-humidity environments. You can create a suitable environment for your plants by following these suggestions:
- Place a tray with water and pebbles underneath the plant to increase humidity.
- Group plants together to create a more humid microclimate.
- Consider using a humidifier if your home has low humidity levels.
With proper care and attention, your large indoor plants can become a stunning focal point in your home, adding life and beauty to any space.
Safety and Toxicity
When selecting large indoor plants, it is essential to consider their safety and toxicity. This section will discuss the potential dangers and precautions you should take, specifically regarding pets.
Toxicity to Pets
Many indoor plants can be toxic to pets if ingested. Knowing which plants are safe to have around your furry friends and which ones should be kept out of their reach is essential. Here are some examples of popular indoor plants and their toxicity levels to pets:
|Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica)||Mildly toxic|
|Monstera deliciosa||Moderately toxic|
|Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)||Highly toxic|
If you know your pet is prone to nibbling on plants, choosing non-toxic options is wise. Here are a few pet-friendly indoor plants:
- Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)
- Boston Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata)
- Areca Palm (Dypsis lutescens)
When introducing a new plant to your home, make sure you carefully research its toxicity and take necessary precautions. In case of any accidents or suspected ingestion, contact your vet immediately.
Global Origins of Large Indoor Plants
In your journey to discover large indoor plants, it’s essential to explore their global origins. Some of the most striking plants come from various regions around the world, including South Africa, Central America, South America, and Madagascar. Let’s dive into these areas’ rich flora and learn more about the native plants that make stunning indoor decorations in homes and offices.
South Africa has a diverse and unique collection of flora, thanks to its varied climates and topography. Among the native large indoor plants, your attention might be drawn to the various species of Ficus, which are well-suited for indoor environments. Another popular plant native to this region is the Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae), with its vibrant colours and striking appearance.
Some other large indoor South African plants you might consider for your space include:
- Dracaena draco (Dragon tree)
- Sansevieria trifasciata (Snake plant)
- Philodendron selloum (Lacy tree philodendron)
Central America is home to lush rainforests and diverse flora, including beautiful indoor plants. The Monstera deliciosa, known as the Swiss cheese plant, is a favourite due to its large and unique leaves. Aglaonema, also called the Chinese evergreen, is another beautiful indoor plant from this region that adds a touch of colour to your home or workspace.
Additional Central American large indoor plants you could consider are:
- Ficus elastica (Rubber plant)
- Anthurium andraeanum (Flamingo flower)
- Dieffenbachia seguine (Dumb cane)
South America’s vast tropical and subtropical regions offer numerous attractive plants for indoor decorations. The stunning Calathea, with its fascinating leaf patterns and colours, is an excellent choice from this region. Peace lilies (Spathiphyllum), with their striking white blossoms, also hail from South America and make a simple yet elegant addition to your indoor plant collection.
Other notable South American plants to enhance your indoor space include:
- Philodendron erubescens (Red-leaf philodendron)
- Epipremnum aureum (Golden pothos)
- Maranta leuconeura (Prayer plant)
The island of Madagascar, renowned for its unique biodiversity, is home to numerous indoor plants not found elsewhere. The iconic Madagascar Dragon tree (Dracaena marginata) instantly adds height and visual interest to your indoor plant arrangement. Another fascinating plant from this region is the Madagascar Palm (Pachypodium lamerei), which can make a bold statement in your space.
You might also want to consider these Madagascar-native plants:
- Aloe divaricata (Spiral aloe)
- Kalanchoe beharensis (Velvet elephant ear)
- Euphorbia milii (Crown of thorns)
Embrace the natural beauty and global diversity of large indoor plants by exploring these unique species from various regions of the world. With their captivating appearances and remarkable adaptability, these plants will undoubtedly enhance your living or working space.